Glaucoma is an eye disease that can lead to permanent damage of the optic nerve if left undetected. Risk factors include family history, elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) and African heritage. Annual eye exams are suggested for early detection and treatment.
Cataracts are the normal opacification of the crystalline lens of the eye. This happens as an individual ages due to a lifetime's exposure to ultraviolet light. Tinted lenses are suggested to minimize exposure to UV light.
Age-related macular degeneration is an eye disease that can devastate central vision. Risk factors include family history, smoking and fair-skinned individuals with light-coloured irises. Annual eye exams are advised.
All diabetic patients should have their eyes examined on a yearly basis to ensure that the retinas are healthy. When uncontrolled, diabetes can lead to hemorrhaging and/or swelling on the retina. This can cause reduced vision and possible blindness.